Pakistan

English or Urdu: What should Pakistan’s language be?

English or Urdu: What should Pakistan’s language be?

Some are praising the decision as an attempt to preserve Urdu, and by extension, the Pakistani culture. But, an increasing number of Pakistanis are choosing to neglect Urdu and Pakistan’s regional languages in favor of English, due to English’s status as the global common language and as a signifier of socioeconomic prestige.

Blood of the Poppy: The Cold War and the Birth of the Afghan Narco State

Blood of the Poppy: The Cold War and the Birth of the Afghan Narco State

Opium production has filled the coffers of brutal warlords vying for power from the 1980s to the present, spanning the Cold War and the U.S. invasion in 2001. It financed the C.I.A.-sponsored mujahideen in their battle against the Soviet Union in the 1980s and only skyrocketed from there, being used today by both the Taliban and even the Afghan government (informally) as a bountiful cash crop.