Rather than dealing with difficult issues like homelessness, hostile design simply puts them out of sight and out of mind. It pushes those deemed unworthy of belonging to the “public” to the fringes, drawing a clear line that marks who belongs in our shared spaces and who does not.
If we let the Vietnamese speak for themselves, we realize that we need to call a spade a spade: it was not only an act of American aggression in which the US tries to step into the shoes of the old imperial powers of Europe. The synthesis reached by Nguyen, Hoang, and many of the anti-war student movements in Paris – between communism, anticolonialism, and an opposition to the war –succeeded in implicating the US as such.
Japan has a family-like structure in which everyone strives to obey and respect the Emperor, who is the head of this national family. According to Maruyama, he keeps the balance and without him, the family structure would be dismantled. However, this form has been deeply embedded in culture since 1868 and has kept its course even when the Emperor renounced his divinity. This paved the way for the United States to adopt the Emperor-like image that was necessary in the cultural seams of Japan.
Indigeneity has been subject to religious and cultural otherization and temporal and spatial sequestering, which has rendered it prior, separate, and incongruent with Americanism. Thus, the history of the United States is marred with the systematic de-indigenization of persons and land and, yet, Native Americans are continuously omitted from American educational curricula and racial debate.
Some are praising the decision as an attempt to preserve Urdu, and by extension, the Pakistani culture. But, an increasing number of Pakistanis are choosing to neglect Urdu and Pakistan’s regional languages in favor of English, due to English’s status as the global common language and as a signifier of socioeconomic prestige.
Anita Hill was a law professor at Oklahoma University when she gave her testimony while Christine Blasey Ford is a professor of psychology at Palo Alto University. Both women faced the task of discrediting their attackers, who dismissed their accusations as slander. Both received death threats. Both found themselves at the center of a national conversation.
The use of gendered language and rhetoric in the context of international soccer has resulted in the general international regard for women’s soccer as being secondary to men’s and trivialized in comparison. This undoubtedly has influenced general issues that exist in relation to sexism in the world of soccer and leads us to question how much inequality between the two genders remains within FIFA.